Factors to Consider When Selecting Your Wire Rope

Lifting Knowhow Logo

How can I ensure the right steel wire rope selection? We've compiled a table of 10 essential questions below to assist you in determining the most suitable steel wire rope for your specific requirements. Opting for the correct steel wire rope ensures maximum service life, provided regular inspection and proper lubrication are maintained.

Choosing Your Steel Wire Rope

When placing an order for a new steel wire rope, ensure that you consider the appropriate type, construction, dimensions, and length. Adhere to the recommendations of the machine manufacturers and verify that the equipment aligns with the correct machine group/grade.

 WARNING! Choosing the wrong steel wire rope may lead to a reduced working life, rope fractures, and/or equipment damage.

The following questions can guide you in selecting the right construction of the steel wire rope. In case of conflicting answers, opt for the most frequently occurring alternative. Combining the answers to these ten questions will assist in choosing the most optimal wire rope construction, although additional questions or considerations may sometimes point to a different wire rope construction.

Questions Yes Yes and No No
Is freedom of rotation required? Choose low-rotation wire rope Choose low-rotation wire rope 6, 8, 9 and/or 10-cord wire rope
Is a high breaking strength required? Special steel rope, compacted Steel rope with steel core -
Are there many bends in the operation? Multi-strand steel rope with small outer threads Multi-strand steel rope with small outer threads -
Should the wire rope withstand heavy external wear and tear? Soled rope with coarse outer threads Steel rope with coarse outer threads -
Spooling of steel rope in several layers? Strong wire rope, compacted - Cross-braided wire rope
Is there a risk of deformation damage Steel rope with fiber in the steel core Steel rope with fiber in the steel core -
Left spool drum? Right-handed wire rope - Left-turned wire rope
Left-handed wire rope steering? Right-handed wire rope - Left-turned wire rope
Is there a corrosive environment during the operation? Galvanized/stainless steel rope Galvanized/stainless steel rope Galvanized/bright wire rope

For further guidance, please contact us.

Rotation Resistance

To minimize rotation, especially with high lifting heights, use "rotation-resistant" or "Low Rotation" ropes. Rotation-resistant ropes consist of multiple layers of strands, with each layer laid in the opposite direction to the next, balancing torque forces within the rope.

Steel wire rope strands rotations - Lifting KnowHow

Definitions of Breaking Load

Minimum Breaking Load (MBL)

The minimum breaking force (MBL), in kilonewtons, is the lowest breaking strain of the rope when tested to destruction.

Calculated Breaking Load

This value is calculated from the product of the sum of the cross-sectional metallic areas of all individual wires in the rope and the tensile strength grade(s) of the wires. The total metallic area is directly proportional to the square of the nominal diameter of the rope. A standard spinning loss factor, resulting from the twisting of strands and wire, is then applied.

Fleet Angle

An excessively large fleet angle can cause excessive wear of the rope against the adjacent flange on the drum, potentially leading to torsional problems.

Steel wire rope reeling rope on to drum - Lifting KnowHow

Wire Rope Sheaves

Wire rope sheaves should support the rope along approximately one-third of its circumference. Certex Norway AS recommends a groove diameter of 1.08 x d, where d = nominal wire rope diameter.

Before installing a new rope, check the sheave grooves, layers, and lubrication. Measure the groove diameter with a radius gauge, ensuring it falls within the range of nominal rope diameter +8% to +14% (0.54 x d to 0.57 x d).

 WARNING! Worn sheaves should be replaced/refurbished.

Steel wire rope choose sheaves - Lifting KnowHow Steel wire rope choose sheaves - Lifting KnowHow

Maintenance - lubrication

During operation, steel wire rope wires experience wear against each other. Lubrication during manufacturing improves the rope's function and increases its lifespan. Check the lubrication immediately after installation, clean the rope from inappropriate materials, and, if necessary, complete the wire rope with lubrication before use. It's crucial to lubricate the rope at regular intervals based on valid operational conditions. Steel wire rope choose lubrication - Lifting KnowHow

 WARNING! An unlubricated or incorrectly lubricated wire rope significantly shortens its lifespan.